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Northwestern Medication studies constructive outcomes in COVID-19 sufferers who underwent lung transplants

Northwestern Medication studies constructive outcomes in COVID-19 sufferers who underwent lung transplants

Research compares the primary 30 consecutive COVID-19 lung transplant sufferers with 72 sufferers transplanted for non-COVID lung issues in the course of the pandemic

CHICAGO, Feb. 3, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — For a lot of COVID-19 sufferers with irrecoverable lung injury, transplantation is the one choice for survival. Nevertheless, there’s restricted details about the long-term outcomes of those sufferers, together with postoperative problems, hospital size of keep and survival. A brand new research revealed within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation (JAMA) exhibits constructive outcomes within the first 30 consecutive COVID-19 sufferers who underwent a lung transplant at Northwestern Medication in Chicago. The outcomes for Northwestern Medication COVID-19 lung transplant sufferers are validated by a concurrent paper in New England Journal of Medication (NEJM) which studies nationwide outcomes at skilled transplant facilities.

Dr. Ankit Bharat, chief of thoracic surgical procedure, acting at COVID-19 lung transplant at Northwestern Medication.

Among the many 102 consecutive lung transplant recipients at Northwestern Medication from January 21, 2020, to September 30, 2021, 30 sufferers had been transplanted resulting from COVID-19 and 72 sufferers had been transplanted resulting from persistent end-stage lung illness together with cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and persistent obstructive pulmonary illness. The JAMA research discovered:

COVID-19 PATIENTS

NON-COVID PATIENTS

– 30 sufferers had been transplanted

– 72 sufferers had been transplanted

– 17 males, 13 ladies

– 40 males, 32 ladies

– Median age: 53

– Median age: 62

– Waitlist time: 11.5 days

– Waitlist time: 15 days

– ECMO was utilized in 57% of sufferers

– ECMO was utilized in 1% of sufferers

– Throughout transplant, sufferers obtained a
median of 6.5 items of packed purple blood cells

– Throughout transplant, sufferers obtained a
median of 0 items of packed purple blood cells

– Median operation time was 8.5 hours

– Median operation time was 7.4 hours

– Put up-transplant median length of hospitalization was 28.5 days

– Put up-transplant median length of hospitalization was 16 days

– 0% developed lung rejection

– 12% developed lung rejection

– 100% of sufferers had been alive on the time
the JAMA article was written; present mortality stays above 90%

– At follow-up after transplant (488 days
median), 83% of sufferers had been alive

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“This research proves lung transplantation is very efficient and profitable in critically-ill COVID-19 sufferers. We had been particularly stunned to seek out that sufferers with COVID-19 didn’t develop rejection of the lungs after transplant,” stated Ankit Bharat, MD, chief of thoracic surgical procedure at Northwestern Medication and govt director of the Canning Thoracic Institute. “We hope lung transplantation will change into a typical therapy of care when all different medical therapies fail to attain lung restoration and get the sufferers off the ventilator and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a life help machine that does the work of the center and lungs. We additionally hope sufferers aren’t declined entry to this lifesaving intervention resulting from insurance coverage denials.”

“As proven within the research, COVID-19 lung transplant procedures are way more troublesome and require extra sources. These procedures are solely going to achieve success when finished at choose transplant facilities with excessive ranges of expertise and needed sources,” stated Scott Budinger, MD, chief of pulmonary and significant care medication at Northwestern Medication and medical director of the Canning Thoracic Institute. “Whereas these are lifesaving procedures, they carry substantial danger. Sufferers must take medicines for the remainder of their lives and regardless of that, they’ll ultimately reject their lungs. Transplant facilities ought to be selective in who they think about for COVID-19 lung transplant procedures, and sufferers ought to search a second opinion when declined for transplant as a result of not all facilities have the experience to carry out them.”

In June 2020, Northwestern Medication surgeons carried out the primary lung transplant on a COVID-19 affected person in the USA. Up to now, 40 COVID-19 sufferers have obtained lung transplants at Northwestern Medication.

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View the JAMA research: https://bit.ly/32HcBCz.

View the NEJM research: https://bit.ly/3raWzu4.

B-ROLL AND PHOTOS: https://bit.ly/3s68nx5

Northwestern Medicine Logo (PRNewsfoto/Northwestern Medicine)

Northwestern Medication Emblem (PRNewsfoto/Northwestern Medication)

Cision

Cision

View authentic content material to obtain multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/northwestern-medicine-reports-positive-outcomes-in-covid-19-patients-who-underwent-lung-transplants-301475128.html

SOURCE Northwestern Memorial Hospital; Northwestern Medication